Skin Information Network

What is Dandruff?

What is dandruff?

Dandruff is a condition in which the scalp produces an excess amount of flakes. Although people without dandruff also produce flakes, as they are simply dead cells, they are usually microscopic and not visible to the eye. Those with dandruff have an accelerated rate, making the skins clump together into larger pieces, making them large enough to be visible.

Who gets dandruff?

Anyone can get dandruff, but in most cases, it does not start until the age of ten. In those over the age of 30, it is said that up to 40% of people suffer from some dandruff to some degree. It is an extremely common condition among both men and women in all parts of the world.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff is simply the acceleration of skin shedding, and dead cells clumping due to the oil in the scalp. As dandruff is multi-factorial, it is often difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of the problem. However, the following are some known risk-factors for dandruff:

  • Dry Skin
  • Sensitivity to certain hair products
  • Eczema or psoriasis
  • Overgrowth of a yeast called Malassezia
  • Individual susceptibility

As can be seen, only a few of these factors can be effectively controlled. Thus, it is difficult to prevent dandruff from occurring. However, dandruff can be effectively treated and maintained with some knowledge and minimal inconvenience.

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